Making A Move To The Hamptons

luxury home for sale

Live Like A Celebrity And Move To The Hamptons

Given that it is such a brief travel from New York or even New Jersey, the unbelievable amount of natural beauty that exists here in East Hampton is extremely astonishing. If you haven’t been here, there are these long stretches of blue Coast lines that are flowing with golden sands. In addition, the natural landscapes that exist, there are also plenty of city parks that unite to form one of the most relaxing and breathtaking destinations along the upper East Coast. If you live near here and you have money, then you know about the Hamptons! There are mega movie stars and musicians that own beautiful property here, which as a result has attracted fantastic restaurants and dining establishments for those that like the finer things in life. There are posh boutiques popping up all over town, and despite its prevalence, however, East Hampton has worked tirelessly to keep its village-like charm, something you will quickly if you visit on vacation or decide to move to the Hamptons. There are few moving companies we trust in New York and New Jersey to move families into the Hamptons, but the team at Bluebell Moving And Storage has proven time and time again that they are the East Coasts premier moving agency for the upper class on the East Coast

As A New Resident Prepare To Shop And Surf The Hamptons

Due to its astonishing landscape, perfect location, and natural abundance of awesomeness, East Hampton has a lot of activities for you to get into once you move to the Hamptons. Main Beach is the biggest attraction for a lot of East Hampton locals and visitors. Believe it or not, it is among some of the best-ranked shorelines in the country, but it is more than just a place to relax on the beach and soak in some sun rays. Main Beach hosts many of the college’s water sports competitions, there is surfing, biking, paddle boarding, body surfing, and boogie boarding. Those of you that prefer spending money on fashion, you will love what Main Street has to offer, with its fashionable posh boutiques, they cater to the upper class that has money to spend on the nicer things in life. If that is not you, don’t bother moving here because poor people don’t fit in.

Embrace The Lavish Culture Of The Hamptons

If you can tear yourself away from the shore, the city of East Hampton has lots of family-friendly attractions to check out during the day and in the evenings. One of the true gems of Long Island is LongHouse Reserve. The beautifully maintained garden stretches 16 acres across the Hamptons and is filled with amazing eye-catching stone sculptures. The Pollock-Krasner House (once home to the artists Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner) is just another location that civilization aficionados will not want to miss out on checking out, true history at it’s finest. Folks of all ages will love the fascinating tour, and children will love making their very own Pollock-style drip paintings. Living in the Hamptons offers so many great things to enjoy, and those are just a few. Becoming culturally aware of art and the area will be necessary if you are going to fit in here.

If You Are Lucky Enough To Buy Shorefront Property

If you are lucky enough to buy shorefront property you better soak it up! Most families that buy into this luxury area don’t give up their property that easy. move to the hamptons - family home in east hamptonHouses and land are passed down through the generations over the years and children and grandchildren are often left with vacation homes they rather not sell. The experience living on the shore is unforgettable. Even though the months of June through August are the nicest, September is also a fantastic time to enjoy some good sun and good times. If you are not a sun worshiper, late spring is also an amazing time of year. Temperatures are somewhat milder, but East Hampton nonetheless retains its magical, village-like vibe. For those that want to move to the Hamptson this vibe is priceless, for visitors making a vacation of the Hamptons, they often times do not want to leave!

If You Make The Move To The Hamptons Enjoy The Parks

When you move here you may find that there is an overwhelming amount of things to do at first. Moving in, unpacking, finding your way around and all that fun stuff. But after you get settled, you need to check out the Hampton Parks. East Hampton is home to no less than 8 country parks and two county parks, with Cedar Point County Park being the most popular destination among local residents and out of town visitors. It encompasses over 600 acres of coastal beauty and is famous for its magnificent views of Gardiner’s Bay. There is an abundance of things to do such as fishing, hiking, biking, and playing in the park. Additionally, It plays host to a rich ecosystem of wildlife together with everything from deer to ducks. There are also designated dog areas for the dog lovers of the Hamptons. The rich love their poodles and purse dogs, there is no shortage of those dogs here in our parks. Locals take pride in their parks and we ask that if you move to the Hamptons that you bring your dog out to enjoy the natural beauty with you that you clean up after your animal if they poop in the park grass.

READ: New Jersey Proposes New Limits……

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Why You Need Orthodontic Insurance Coverage

Why You Need Orthodontic Insurance Coverage

Insurance insures help patients when they want financial aid to obtain the needed service and have a difficulty. Such policies are used by them as a threat coverage tool, and one main policy folks take, is orthodontic insurance if they have been aware about their oral health. Correcting abnormalities and dental issues like misaligned or damaged teeth can improve grin and an individual’s facial features. Sadly, the prices can bite difficult in the lack of quality insurance. Dental treatment from Sky Orthodontist Oklahoma City changes among individuals so, the adolescents; therefore, many parents are under pressure in the adolescents who need to wear good looking braces.

Things become a lot simpler as the cover protects all processes and gear when you’ve got insurance insuring an orthodontist’s treatment. Check whether the policy contains coverage of treatment if you’ve got an existing dental insurance. Should it not have, then contemplate purchasing a supplementary form especially for this to cover your treatment prices. It’ll save you big time if you’ve got family members that want braces or treatment.

Just like your dental or insurance coverage that is routine, you’ll need to pay a monthly or annual premium. More than a few companies pay as much as fifty percent of the overall care expenses. So, if treatment is required by some of your nearest and dearest at once, your financial weight can ease significantly.

A bulk of the expenses come from the price of gear used in the restoration procedure like other additional dental products, braces, and retainers. The price of dental x rays, allowances that are needed, and monthly visits influence the amount being spent on treatment making it higher as opposed to dental care services that are routine. Averagely, the supplier to cater up to a specific quantity of dental care per year after which the maximum annual sum for all the dental prices become your company was just wanted by the typical dental cover.

In several cases, such processes are seen by individuals as being just decorative thus resulting in just several insurance companies providing cover for such a treatment services.

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Is It Necessary To See A Dentist Frequently?

Is It Necessary To See A Dentist Frequently?

The prevention of periodontal disease, cavities, and bad breath is reached with oral direction techniques which are powerful and affordable, easy to perform on a daily basis. A professional should be consulted or more often depending on significant care attempts and dental demands. Dentist OKC offers complete oral health care services to patients to help in the care of a cavity grin that is free. Personal wellness techniques and advanced oral technology are supplied according to individual conditions.

The oral evaluation can discover changes and tooth issues in tissues indicative of major ailments including cancers and diabetes. Some of the most significant measures that people can take to maintain the healthy state of teeth would be to see with the dental offices frequently. A routine checkup contains the detection of tartar, plaque and cavities in charge of gum disease and tooth decay. The formation of a failure and bacteria can improve discoloration, oral deterioration and decay. A failure to correct oral issues including little cavities may lead to important destruction of tissue and enamel including tooth loss and acute pain.

A dentist will counsel patients on easy and affordable suggestions for health care care that is individual to grow strong teeth and gums. This can be a simple and affordable method shield the state of oral tissues and to prevent cavities. Specialized tools are integrated at the practice to supply a professional clean and accomplish places that cannot be reached with flossing and brushing. It shields against spots and decay that undermine the healthy state of pearly whites. A dental practice provides complete oral care helping in treating gum and tooth ailments. Meeting an oral professional often and following day-to-day hygiene measures can best protect and improve the state of your grin.

It is important to get it assessed time to time and to take good care of your dental health and stay healthy. Google “oral health”  if you want to learn more about the oral health.

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Things To Look For In An Attorney Before Hiring Them

Things To Look For In An Attorney Before Hiring Them

Permit me to start by saying that do it yourself has its limitations. Certainly, contracts can be drafted by you by yourself, it is possible to survive discussions that are grotesque with your company customers, a married dispute can be settled by you but you should get an attorney when the demand to come to court appears. Expenses will be incurred, professional fees must be paid and the normally drawn-out procedure must be born. The prices of solving a difficulty are much greater in relation to the prices of preventing the issue. However, hiring a Sugar Land criminal defense attorney can eliminate the complexity, who knows what needs to be done.

When locating a lawyer so, search for a “competent” attorney. Before you start to share your innermost secrets together it’s absolutely ethical to require a lawyer permit. Generally though, their certifications would hang. He may be a professional in any among the following types of law: taxation law, labor law, civil law, international law, litigation, or criminal law. These are the important types. Therefore, you may learn of an immigration lawyer or a litigation attorney. Note however, that attorneys’ specialties are “obtained” through expertise, not only because they believe they have been excellent at it.

This can be one facet of being a lawyer where a youthful, inexperienced attorney can in fact get ahead of a seasoned one. Young attorneys usually are sympathetic, encouraging and lively. They have a tendency to treat their customers like their infants. They take care of every small detail, even the ones that are unimportant. But this just is paying customers desire to be treated. Customers often believe that they’re getting their money’s worth with the type of focus they can be becoming.

The personal qualities to try to find in an attorney depend significantly on the type of customer you might be. Should you be the no nonsense sort, you may choose to hire an old attorney who is about to retire. These kinds of attorney are interested in what you will need to say. Occasionally, they’re not thinking about what they must say. But their expertise is impeccable. The credibility of an attorney may be viewed in several circumstances. It can be built on charm coupled with referrals from previous satisfied customers. To be sure, no attorney can get customers if he’s not trustworthy and believable.

So at this point you have a credible, skilled and competent attorney having the individual qualities you try to find. Another matter to contemplate is whether that attorney can be acquired to attend to your own issue. Your attorney will say he is capable, willing and happy to help you. He said the identical thing to last week, and several others this morning, and the week. The point is, an attorney can only just do so much. He can not all be attending hearings all. He’d likely resort to rescheduling or cancelling hearings and assemblies that are significant to make ends meet. If your preferred attorney has a law firm, there will surely be other attorneys who can attend in case he is unavailable to you personally. You’ll find this satisfactory but not until your case continues to be reassigned to another from one hand.

The representation starts when you meet with your customer. This, nevertheless, isn’t what defines professionalism. So don’t be misled by the attorney-appear alone. It’d be amazing if your attorney can pull it away with the professionalism that is authentic and the attorney appearance though.

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What Will FDA Do With All Those “Violative” Stem Cell Clinics Once Enforcement Discretion Tolls in November 2020?

What Will FDA Do With All Those “Violative” Stem Cell Clinics Once Enforcement Discretion Tolls in November 2020?

By Mark I. Schwartz

Enforcement discretion for stem cell facilities (and certain other HCT/P manufacturers) ends in November of 2020, and as FDA indicated in a recent press release, the agency is “discouraged” by the dearth of manufacturers wanting to interact with them during the enforcement discretion period.

Back in 2008, when I was still in the Office of Chief Counsel at FDA, there were virtually no U.S. clinics marketing stem cell therapies, and in late 2015 when I left my position as CBER’s Deputy Director  of the Office of Compliance and Biologics Quality, at FDA, there were at least 570 stem cell clinics/manufacturers in the U.S., concentrated mainly in California, Florida, Texas, Colorado, Arizona and New York, according to an independently published report.  There are likely many more than that today.

In fact, I recently discovered that even the internal medicine practice that I frequent in the Washington DC suburbs offers autologous stem cells derived from adipose tissue to treat osteoarthritis – this just a stone’s throw from the FDA campus in White Oak, Maryland.

Given the number of such facilities, the “discouraging” trend that FDA referenced in its recent press release, and that fact that over a third of the enforcement discretion period has already passed, it is highly unlikely that most of these clinics will voluntarily cease operations by the end of the period.  In that eventuality, what are FDA’s options?

Over the past 6-8 years, the agency’s policy with regard to stem cell facilities has largely been wait-and-see.  They have sent a number of untitled letters and warning letters to such facilities over the years, but have very rarely taken any action beyond that, despite many of these facilities continuing their activities unabated after receiving such regulatory correspondence from FDA.

Over the years, FDA has initiated legal action (i.e., seizure or injunction) only against stem cell manufacturers in two types of situations.  First, in instances where there were allegedly serious or life-threatening adverse events to patients of the facility, such as in the actions against US Stem Cell Clinic LLC of Sunrise, Florida and California Stem Cell Treatment Center Inc., previously discussed here.

In the first case, ocular stem cell injections were alleged to have led to the partial or total blindness of at least three patients, and in the second case, the therapies were alleged to have led to infections necessitating the hospitalization of several recipients of the therapies.

A similar case is currently unfolding, with FDA having sent a Warning Letter late last year to Genetech, Inc., a stem cell company from San Diego, California (not to be confused with Genentech, from San Francisco, California).  In a press release issued in conjunction with the publication of the Genetech Warning Letter, FDA stated that CDC had received reports of infections from 12 patients, and that all these patients all required hospitalization.  If this company does not desist in the manufacture and implantation of these cell therapies, one would expect that this case is also likely to lead to FDA initiated litigation.

The other type of situation that has led to FDA legal action against a stem cell company, is the case of the U.S. v. Regenerative Sciences LLC, where Regenerative, somewhat atypically in the industry, cultured the autologous stem cells for several days before re-administering them to patients.  Apparently, FDA found the culturing of these cells to be particularly problematic and successfully obtained an injunction against Regenerative.

At the end of the enforcement discretion period which, perhaps not coincidentally, will be around the time of the next presidential election, it seems that the agency would have the following enforcement options: (1) to continue to only litigate the types of cases they are already litigating, meaning primarily facilities where there are allegations of serious or life-threatening adverse events – usually requiring hospitalization; (2) to also litigate instances of facilities administering stem cells via routes of administration associated with higher risk (as described in the enforcement discretion portion of the guidance), even where there are no allegations of serious or life-threatening adverse events, and/or instances of facilities administering stem cells that are intended for non-homologous uses that are intended for the prevention or treatment of serious and/or life-threatening diseases and conditions (i.e., basically the agency’s carveout under the current enforcement discretion); and (3) to litigate even more broadly any alleged violations of the four criteria under 21 CFR Part 1271.10(a).

Option #3 is so broad as to be unmanageable given the number of facilities currently in existence, and it also doesn’t really allow for any reasonable means of prioritizing which cases to bring.  Option #1, on the other hand, is unlikely to be satisfactory for the agency given that they have been exercising this option for the past several years, and despite this the stem cell industry has continued to flourish.  That leaves option #2.  The question is how many lawsuits will FDA need to bring under this option for the hundreds of facilities in existence (including the ones on FDA’s doorstep in suburban Maryland, Virginia and DC) to reconsider marketing their stem cell products, and does the agency have the resources and the intestinal fortitude to bring all those cases?  Time will tell.

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M.C. Escher By Way of Generic Drug Pricing

M.C. Escher By Way of Generic Drug Pricing

By Sara W. Koblitz

Though FDA does not have the legal authority to control or even directly address drug prices, Commissioner Gottlieb has certainly not shied away from the issue.  In fact, drug (and biologic) competition and accessibility is one of Dr. Gottlieb’s main efforts at the Agency (see e.g. discussions here and here).  Typically, the conversation about accessibility frames drug prices as too high, but the discussion has recently taken an interesting turn into questions about whether some drug prices are too low.  And it’s clear from the Commissioner’s latest FDA Voices Blog post on the issue, he understands the complicated economic principles behind this discrepancy, but questions abound about whether FDA can adequately address it.  Indeed, it seems like FDA is stuck in a bit of an M.C. Escher piece, in which its attempts to address drug pricing render the Agency stuck in an infinite loop of high drug prices.

Much concern has been raised about the costs of healthcare and drugs in the U.S.  Typically, the concern is with brand or innovator drugs, usually those with thick patent portfolios and exclusivities, who charge high prices presumably to recoup their investments in research and development.  A myriad of strategies have been implemented to address high drug prices, and though pricing falls predominantly under the umbrella of HHS rather than FDA, FDA has been working within its statutory mandate to tackle high drug prices in any way that it can.  To this end, we have seen the Drug Competition Action Plan, which endeavors to introduce more generic competition as efficiently as possible to drive down drug prices, directly or indirectly, for consumers.

Indeed, competition has done an overall good job keeping generic prices low.  For many products, there is enough competition in the market to keep prices low – very low.  And while, yes, generic competition is anemic for some products, typically more complex products, there is a glut of competition for others.  The Drug Competition Action Plan attempts to introduce more competition for those drugs with “inadequate” competition – often fewer than three generic versions of a product – but an articulated goal of this plan is to “spur new entrants.”  Theoretically this should lead to more competition for drugs with inadequate competition.  But while over 1,000 generic drugs were approved in 2017, “which is the most in FDA’s history in a calendar year by over 200 drugs,” it’s a pretty good bet that not all of these products were generic versions of drugs with inadequate competition.  And it’s a pretty good bet that not all “new entrants” are developing supply chains and manufacturing processes to submit ANDAs only for drugs with inadequate competition.

In fact, there are so many generic versions of some drug products that the competition is driving prices down so low that the generics are not profitable for their manufacturers.  In such a scenario, a generic manufacturer facing significant competition from other generics needs to distinguish its version somehow.  Because its generic product is, by definition, exactly the same as its competitors’, the only possible distinction between manufacturers is price.  The cheaper their products, the more likely they are to get a contract to provide the generic version for these providers.  This is why, in theory, more generic approvals for a product should reduce the price of a drug substantially.  Combined with the fact that there are only a handful of major third-party payors, generic drug manufacturers may find themselves in a race to the bottom in an effort to secure a contract.

As Dr. Gottlieb explained in a late November drug shortage meeting co-hosted by Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy (Go Blue Devils!), the market dynamics in a glut of generics may keep the price of generics so low that the manufacturers cannot sustainably continue to manufacture the drug.  Without making much of a profit, impetus to stay in the market decreases and players drop out.  In addition, with higher GDUFA program fees for based on the number of approved ANDAs held, it can be expensive to hold ANDAs that aren’t generating significant profits.

Even generic giant Teva experienced some downturn in 2017 as a result of “accelerated price erosion and decreased volume mainly due to customer consolidation, greater competition as a result of an increase in generic drug approvals by the U.S. FDA, and some new product launches that were either delayed or subjected to more competition.”   While Teva may not be leaving the generic market, it’s clearly feeling pressure from decreasing generic prices.  If even large companies like Teva are feeling the pressure, there is real risk that more established generic companies – those that already have adequate cGMP programs, supply and distribution chains, and all the other manufacturing necessities that make drug manufacturers go – are feeling it too.  And this type of pressure can lead to decisions to pull out of a market, especially if a given generic product is expensive to produce (i.e., more complex products).  A market exodus could disrupt the generic supply and ultimately lead to drug shortages.   Alternatively, with slashed profit margins, companies that otherwise may have invested in capital infrastructure upgrades and maintenance may no longer have the funds to do so (especially after paying GDUFA fees).  Without these upgrades, they may not have the capability to maintain supply, ultimately leading, once again, to drug shortages.  We have seen this type of issue arise recently when even long-standing generic companies have had manufacturing issues, leading to the unavailability of some products.

Fewer players, particularly established players, means fewer reliable generic options, which could lead to a shortage of generic versions of products – even if the brand version is plentiful.  Such a shortage would cause even generic manufacturers to raise prices based on basic principles of supply and demand (which, are admittedly a little wonky here given the drug pricing market, but once contracts are up for renegotiation, fewer competitors for a given contract should result in higher contractual prices even for generics).  And even if no shortage occurs, fewer competitors (theoretically) leads to a smaller supply, which should also impact pricing.  Therefore, Dr. Gottlieb cautions, the underpricing of generic drugs may lead to price increases.

With this dichotomy, FDA seems to be engaging in a battle on two fronts.  While diligently trying to reduce prices of brand products, FDA is also trying to figure out ways to prop up the price of generics to reduce market departures.  And FDA is taking all of this on without the legal authority to address prices directly.  Without this authority, FDA is attempting to use its review tools to direct and influence market competition.   But this is where the conundrum arises: as FDA and Congress are encouraging more competition in the generic market through the Competitive Generic Therapy program and the List of Off-Patent, Off-Exclusivity Drugs without an Approved Generic, FDA (or another governmental authority taking on such a task) must figure out a way to either reduce generic competition driving out established generic manufacturers or otherwise somehow inflate contractual prices for generic manufacturers to discourage attrition and/or drug shortages.  Somehow FDA needs to balance the country’s needs for more generic versions of complex products while discouraging extraneous competition in the generic market.  It’s a delicate and completely unintuitive balance.

FDA tackled a somewhat similar mass exodus problem in the vaccine market in the 1980s in the 1980s.  There, policymakers had to address high prices of vaccines arising from potential shortages as the number of vaccine manufacturers shrank from 26 to 4 in just 10 years.  The impetus of this exodus differed from the situation with generic drugs, as it resulted from soaring legal and insurance costs due to potential product liability.  Nevertheless, the principle is the same: when faced with a potential shortage, costs soar while availability plummets – neither is good for the public health.  In that situation, manipulation of the market would not have had an effect on retention of vaccine manufacturers since supply and demand would not impact the external costs.  Instead, Congress intervened with a new program compensating those injured by childhood vaccines under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, indicating industry acceptance that a competition-based market solution may not be effective in drug shortage situations.

While a markedly different situation here, the economics behind drug shortage issues demonstrate that market incentives may not be enough to keep prices manageable.  The complex and intertwining relationship between drug competition and drug pricing indeed calls for a multifaceted solution, but query whether the manipulation of market dynamics can really be effective here.  It seems that while FDA is trying to find a way to bring equilibrium to drug pricing, the band-aids put on the market (in the form of competition-based incentives) keeps leading to overcorrection.

That’s not to say that FDA is not trying to stem drug shortages and market exodus through other means because it absolutely is as part of its public health mandate.  But there doesn’t appear to be a simple solution for this giant game of whack-a-mole.  It’s admirable that Dr. Gottlieb and FDA are trying innovative methods to address the problem.  But with its hands tied with respect to activities directed specifically at drug pricing under its statutory mandate, the reliance on competition here seems to leave FDA and industry stuck between a rock and a hard place.

Recently, Congress has decided to figure out a better model to control drug pricing.  There have been no shortage of proposals to address drug pricing.  From the Patient Right to Know Drug Prices Act passed in October 2018, designed to increase transparency in drug pricing, to the recent proposal to start manufacturing generic drugs at HHS, you have to give Congress credit for thinking outside the box.  But now that we’re talking nationalizing generic drugs, somewhere between a rock and a hard place isn’t looking so bad.

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AdvaMed Updates Code of Ethics

AdvaMed Updates Code of Ethics

By Serra J. Schlanger & Jeffrey N. Wasserstein

On January 9, 2019, the Advanced Medical Technology Association (AdvaMed) announced updates to its “Code of Ethics on Interactions with Health Care Professionals” (Code).  The Code was last updated in 2008; the newest updates will become effective on January 1, 2020.

The Code includes new sections on jointly conducted education and marketing, communications about the safe and effective use of medical technology, and communications related to providing technical support.  Other topics that were previously covered in multiple sections have been consolidated into more comprehensive sections on company programs, third-party programs, travel, and meals.  Enhancements and clarifying language have been added to the definitions, the section on consulting, and the section on products provided for demonstration and evaluation.  Additional detail about some of these updates is highlighted below.

In the Consulting section, the Code clarifies that a legitimate need for consulting services arises when a company requires the services of a health care professional (HCP) to achieve a specific objective; designing or creating an arrangement to generate business or reward referrals are not legitimate needs.  The Code also includes criteria a company should consider when seeking to establish fair market value for goods and services (e.g., the HCP’s specialty, years and type of experience, geographic location, practice setting, and type of services performed).

The Third-Party Programs section now includes a checklist companies can use to evaluate requests for educational program support.  This section also clarifies that a company cannot pass the benefits of program sponsorship on to an HCP but can host satellite symposia and can pay for the travel costs of HCPs serving as faculty members at the satellite symposia.

The new section on Jointly Conducted Education and Marketing Programs explains that these programs are designed to highlight both a medical technology and a HCP’s ability to diagnose or treat medical conditions.  The Code acknowledges that these types of programs have benefit, but cautions that the company and the HCP must serve as  bona fide partners.  To establish a bona fide partnership, the arrangement should be documented in a written agreement and contributions and costs should be shared equitably between the company and HCP.

The Travel section provides clearer guidance on when a company may pay for travel and lodging (e.g., consulting services, attending at a company-conducted training or education program, speaking on the company’s behalf) and when such payments are prohibited (e.g., attending general company meetings or third-party programs).  The Code also includes guidance for evaluating appropriate meeting venues.

The new section on Communicating for the Safe and Effective Use of Medical Technology recognizes that communications about on- and off-label uses of a device are critical to a HCP’s ability to his or her medical judgment.  This section encourages companies to develop policies and controls for the dissemination of truthful and non-misleading information.

The final new section sets forth principles for Company Representatives Providing Technical Support in the Clinical Setting.  For example, the company representatives should be transparent that they are acting on behalf of the company and should not interfere with a HCP’s independent clinical decision making.  Additionally, the company’s technical support should not eliminate an expense that the HCP would otherwise incur while providing patient care.

Although the Code is a voluntary standard, certain states (e.g., Connecticut and Nevada) require device manufacturers to adopt compliance programs consistent with the Code.  Manufacturers will want to review the latest updates and make adjustments to their compliance programs as necessary.

The updated Code is available here.  AdvaMed’s overview of the changes is available here.

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FDA is “Discouraged” by Dearth of HCT/P Manufacturers that have Reached Out to Agency During Enforcement Discretion Period

FDA is “Discouraged” by Dearth of HCT/P Manufacturers that have Reached Out to Agency During Enforcement Discretion Period

By Mark I. Schwartz

In November of 2017, FDA published its enforcement discretion policy regarding HCT/Ps that don’t meet all four criteria under 21 CFR 1271.10(a):

To give manufacturers time to determine if they need to submit an IND or marketing application in light of this guidance and, if such an application is needed, to prepare the IND or marketing application, for the first 36 months following issuance of this guidance FDA generally intends to exercise enforcement discretion with respect to the IND and the premarket approval requirements for HCT/Ps that do not meet one or more of the 21 CFR 1271.10(a) criteria, provided that use of the HCT/P does not raise reported safety concerns or potential significant safety concerns.

FDA has believed for some time that numerous HCT/P manufacturers don’t meet all four criteria for regulation solely under 21 CFR Part 1271, and they have been hoping that the publication of the 2017 Guidance on Regulatory Considerations for Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue Based Products: Minimal Manipulation and Homologous Use, together with the 36 months of enforcement discretion (with 22 months remaining), will entice many of these firms to meet with FDA, either to discuss whether some type of clearance or approval for their product is required or, alternatively, to discuss the data requirements for said clearance or approval.  However, thus far it does not appear as though many firms have taken FDA up on their offer.

In a press release issued on December 20th, 2018, FDA stated:

Even though a few sponsors have come to us, we are discouraged by the overall lack of manufacturers wanting to interact with the agency in this enforcement discretion period… [T]here’s a clear line between appropriate development of these products and practices that sidestep important regulatory controls needed to protect patients.  [Emphasis added]

FDA also indicated in this press release that once the 36 months of enforcement discretion lapses the agency will be “increasing oversight” related to cell-based regenerative medicine products.  It is somewhat unclear what FDA means by “increasing oversight” though it is likely to include a combination of Warning Letters to stem cell companies and injunctions and seizures involving those firms that are deemed to pose a more significant public health risk.

To that end, the agency fired a warning shot across the bow of these regenerative medicine companies in late December by also issuing “To Whom It May Concern” letters, stating that the recipient of the letter appears to offer stem cell products “to treat a variety of diseases or conditions.”  The letter goes on to remind the recipient of the agency’s November 2017 “comprehensive regenerative medicine policy framework…” and that the enforcement discretion period “…provides manufacturers time to comply with the IND and premarket approval requirements and engage with FDA to determine whether they need to submit an IND or marketing authorization application, and if so, to submit their application to FDA.”

One can expect FDA to continue to ramp up the pressure on stem cell companies as the enforcement discretion period winds down.  We’ll keep you posted on all developments.

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Vermont Report Finds that the Costs of Prescription Drug Importation May Outweigh Savings

Vermont Report Finds that the Costs of Prescription Drug Importation May Outweigh Savings

By Serra J. Schlanger

As we previously reported, Vermont Governor Phil Scott signed a new law in May 2018 allowing for the wholesale importation of prescription drugs from Canada into Vermont.  Vermont’s Agency of Human Services (VAHS) recently issued a report containing the Agency’s preliminary design for a “Canadian Rx Drug Import Supply Program” and considerations for the State’s next steps.

VAHS was tasked with designing a wholesale prescription drug importation program that complies with the federal requirements for safety and cost savings.  Under Section 804 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDC Act), drugs may be imported from Canada if they meet certain minimum standards and if the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) certifies that (i) the drugs will pose no additional risk to the public’s health and safety and (ii) that importation will result in a significant reduction in costs to American consumers.  HHS has never certified a prescription drug importation program under Section 804 – a fact that VAHS noted at the beginning of its report.

Nevertheless, VAHS set forth a preliminary design for an importation program.  VAHS proposed to establish two new types of licenses – “Rx Drug Importer-Wholesaler” and “Canadian Rx Drug Supplier” – administered by the Vermont Office of Professional Regulation.  All Rx Drug Importer-Wholesalers and Canadian Rx Drug Suppliers would be required to pass an inspection/audit conducted by the State of Vermont, a third-party contractor, or a U.S. state or Federal regulatory agency.  Rx Drug Importer-Wholesalers would be required to distribute products in compliance with the current Federal Drug Supply Chain and Security Act requirements.

To meet the second element of the federal requirements, VAHS set forth to determine whether importing drugs from Canada could result in savings to Vermont consumers.  Vermont Medicaid determined that importing drugs from Canada would not result in savings to the state because the State’s existing prescription drug rebate program already yields substantial savings.  VAHS then sought to determine whether importing drugs from Canada would provide savings to commercial health insurance customers.  For 17 prescription drugs, VAHS determined that importation from Canada could result in annual savings between $1 and $5 million.

However, VAHS also determined that a compliant drug importation program will require substantial upfront investment and appropriations.  In addition to inspection and auditing activities to ensure public health and safety, a compliant drug importation program must continue to show that the imported drugs result in a significant reduction in consumer costs.  As such, VAHS explained that the program must include ongoing monitoring and analysis of the savings opportunities, taking into account “changes in prescribing patterns, the introduction of new drugs to market, participation of additional purchasers of imported drugs, and changes in the value of U.S. and Canadian currency.”  VAHS admitted that it will need to acquire, develop, or repurpose expertise to monitor these trends and make the opportunities for savings transparent.  As such, VAHS concluded that “[b]efore a program of prescription drug importation can be recommended, the state needs to determine the cost of operating such a program and whether that cost eclipses the savings for participating commercial payors.  A program that costs more to operate than produces in savings is highly unlikely to meet the Secretary’s criteria for certification.”

Based on the VAHS report, it appears that our initial skepticism that the Vermont drug importation program will actually be implemented may be correct.  However, both federal and state legislatures continue to express interest in allowing for the importation of prescription drugs from Canada.  For example, Senator Grassley [R-IA] has introduced S.61 and Representative Pingree [D-ME-1] has introduced H.R. 478 to the 116th Congress.  Both bills seek to amend the FDC Act to allow for the personal importation of safe and affordable drugs from approved pharmacies in Canada.  We will continue to monitor and report on federal and state actions to regulate drug pricing.

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Updated CLIA Waiver Guidances Lack Details in Original Draft

Updated CLIA Waiver Guidances Lack Details in Original Draft

By Allyson B. Mullen

In the midst of the government shutdown and with its accompanying lull in new FDA documents, we thought it would be a good time to update our readers on some guidances that were issued late last year.  Two such notable draft guidances were the, “Select Updates for Recommendations for Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA) Waiver Applications for Manufacturers of In Vitro Diagnostic Devices” (CLIA Waiver Guidance) and “Recommendations for Dual 510(k) and CLIA Waiver by Application Studies” (Dual Waiver Guidance).  CDRH issued draft versions of these guidance documents on November 29, 2017, and exactly one year later the Center reissued updated drafts of these guidance documents.  We blogged on the 2017 drafts here.  The overall requirements and framework of the guidances have not changed substantively since 2017.

In a recent pre-submission meeting that we had with CDRH, the Center stated that CLIA categorization is one of the most misunderstood regulatory schemes because it is counterintuitive.  It has nothing to do with the importance of the test; rather it focuses on a user’s interaction with the test.  Given this context, it was somewhat surprising to see the updated drafts cut down significantly in length with the CLIA Waiver Guidance going from 24 pages to 13 pages and the Dual Waiver Guidance going from 49 pages to 12 pages.

Most notably, CDRH removed virtually all of the examples from the 2017 drafts.  We have read that this removal will provide additional “flexibility” for manufacturers.  But, as many in industry know, examples can be very helpful.  Having a list of requirements for waiver studies, as set out in the draft guidances is useful, but illustrative examples give an additional level of interpretation that can be tremendously informative for companies when they are designing their own studies.  Rather than removing all examples, it might have been more useful for CDRH to have retained some examples to give some more concrete indications of FDA’s expectations.  We also note that FDA has made much more prominent reference to the CLSI guidelines in the 2018 drafts, moving these references from footnotes, in many cases, to the body of the guidance.  It is possible that some of the omitted examples can be found in these CLSI guidelines, but many manufacturers, especially small ones, may not have access to these documents because they can be costly to obtain.

While there were many deletions from the 2017 to 2018 drafts, there were also a couple of noteworthy additions.  First, in the Dual Waiver Guidance, in the context of explaining the content requirements for a Dual Submission, CDRH states, “[m]ost 510(k)s and Dual Submissions do not include a clinical performance study.”  This is an interesting statement to have added.  In our experience, in vitro diagnostic devices, more than most types of devices, include clinical study data in their submissions.  It is unclear what purpose this new statement serves other than to state that – at least in theory – a clinical study is not always required for a Dual Submission.  While it may appear to give additional flexibility, we are unaware of any situations where FDA has granted CLIA waiver without some form of clinical data.

Second, in the CLIA Waiver Guidance, the 2017 draft guidance contemplates two waiver study designs: (1) by comparison to a traceable calibration method; and (2) without comparison to a traceable calibration method.  In the 2018 draft guidance, the Center lists four possible options for demonstrating waiver: (1) comparison of a candidate test in the hands of trained and untrained users; (2) assay migration study design; (3) flex and human factors studies alone without additional comparison studies; and (4) comparison of a candidate test in the hands of untrained users compared to a comparator method in the hands of trained users.  These added options should give study sponsors additional flexibility when designing their studies.  Examples of how the designs of these studies might look in practice would have been helpful, as discussed above.

CDRH is accepting comments through February 27, 2019.  The regulations.gov website currently displays a banner stating that the Federal Register feed will not be processed during the shutdown.  It does, however, appear that the “Comment Now” function to comment on existing documents, such as the draft CLIA guidances, is functioning.  Although, we are unsure whether comments will be reviewed during the shutdown.

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FDA Solicits Feedback on Grace Period Timing for GUDID Submissions

FDA Solicits Feedback on Grace Period Timing for GUDID Submissions

By Rachael E. Hunt

On December 18, 2018, FDA opened a docket for public comment regarding its intention to shorten the grace period for Global Unique Device Identification Database (GUDID) submissions from thirty days to seven days.  The grace period starts when Device Identified (DI) information is first entered by a labeler ends when the DI information it is released to the public on AccessGUDID and openFDA.  During the grace period, a labeler can edit any part of the Device Identifier (DI) submission other than the publication date (i.e., the date it was first entered).  According to FDA, the grace period is intended to provide labelers a second chance to review and revise a DI record after it is published but before it becomes public.

FDA’s Global Unique Device Identification Database (GUDID) guidance, issued on June 27, 2014, allows for a grace period of seven days from publication.  Shortly after FDA issued this guidance, however, FDA announced via GovDelivery that the grace period would be temporarily extended to thirty calendar days.  FDA explained that this thirty-day extension would accommodate new users beginning to learn GUDID and allow FDA additional time to manage the processing of large volume of GUDID submissions.  The extension allows for a thirty-day delay in public access to Device Identifier records.  This temporary extension is still in effect over four years later.

FDA is now proposing to end the temporary extension and revert to the original grace period of seven calendar days beginning some time in 2019 [note: no specific timeline was stated in the notice].  In explaining the need to reduce the grace period back to seven days, FDA cites feedback from healthcare providers that thirty days is too long for key information on devices used in patient care to be made available for public use.  While we understand why a thirty-day grace period was necessary as industry acclimated to the new system, it seems reasonable that any required revisions to the DI can be made in seven calendar days.  This is especially true given the fact that information can be saved on the system in draft form, prior to publication, as manufacturers prepare device labels for new products.  It also seems that manufacturers and labelers, in addition to healthcare providers, have an interest in this information being made available to the public in a timely manner.

Industry and other stakeholders can submit comments to the Public Docket by January 18, 2019.

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A Pair FDC Act-Related Convictions Upheld on Appeal in the Eighth and Eleventh Circuits

A Pair FDC Act-Related Convictions Upheld on Appeal in the Eighth and Eleventh Circuits

By JP Ellison

In two unrelated cases, two U.S. Courts of Appeal affirmed FDC Act-related convictions earlier this week.  In United States v. Patino, the Eighth Circuit held that it was not an abuse of discretion to allow the government to introduce, in connection with a 2016 prosecution for illegal distribution of HGH, evidence of the defendant’s conviction for essentially the same crime in 1998.  Under the applicable Federal Rule of Evidence, the court concluded that that the evidence was: relevant to the issues of knowledge and intent, similar, not overly remote in time, supported by sufficient evidence, and more probative than prejudicial.  As to the last factor of prejudice, the court simply noted, “The district court gave two limiting instructions, mitigating any potential prejudicial effect. See United States v. Horton, 756 F.3d 569, 580 (8th Cir. 2014).”  While we have no reason to doubt the court’s conclusion regarding the efficacy of the limiting instruction, the ruling does demonstrate the evidentiary difficulty that faces any defendant threatened by the government with a successive prosecution for a similar crime, namely that at trial, the government will almost certainly seek to put the earlier conviction before the jury.

In the Eleventh Circuit, the court affirmed the conviction of a former medical device company salesperson on, among other charges, conspiracy to transport stolen prescription medical devices.  In brief, the government alleged a conspiracy to steal medical devices from the manufacturer and resell them to hospitals.  Among the arguments on appeal were due process and evidentiary issues arising out of what the defendant contended were inconsistent government theories.  Specifically, the defendant argued that in a 2007 trial against an alleged co-conspirator, the government claimed that the victim was the device manufacturer, but in the defendant’s trial, the government claimed that the victims were the hospitals to which the stolen devices were sold.  A different aspect of this case was the subject of a divided Supreme Court decision in 2014.  In this appeal, the defendant argued that the government’s separate prosecutions under inconsistent theories constituted a due process violation; and in the alternative, that the government’s prior statements were admissible as statements of a party-opponent, namely the U.S. Department of Justice.  The court rejected both arguments on the grounds that the government’s theories were not, in fact, inconsistent.  Because of this conclusion, the decision discusses—but does not decide—the interesting issues of when inconsistent government prosecutions run afoul of constitutional due process considerations, and when the government’s statements in those prosecutions can be admitted into evidence.  This is more than a theoretical issue for FDC Act regulated entities and individuals, as we’ve seen instances of the government taking enforcement action in one case under the theory that the product is a drug, but arguing that it’s a dietary supplement in another; or arguing the product is adulterated in one case, but misbranded in another.

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HP&M Releases 2018 Litigation Briefing

HP&M Releases 2018 Litigation Briefing

Hyman, Phelps & McNamara, P.C. (“HP&M”) is pleased to present its annual report highlighting the leading cases and settlements from 2018 that affect the FDA- and DEA-regulated industries. Each page provides a concise summary of the relevant facts and key takeaways for our clients. We also include at the end of the report the hot-button cases we are monitoring in 2019 that may shape future FDA regulation.

We hope this report proves useful and interesting to you. For more information about HP&M, please go to our website at www.hpm.com.

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When Should You Visit Accident and Injury Lawyers

When Should You Visit Accident and Injury Lawyers

No one wants to be involved in an accident. However, when it happens, we are left with no choice except planning the next step. In fact, many people do not know the next step. They find it hard to decide whether they should visit a doctor or should call an attorney.  Are you thinking the same? If yes, then go through the followings to make it less complicated for you.

What Should be Your Next Step?

The next step should be medical treatment. Even if the injury is less severe, it is better to visit a doctor to avoid any complication. Make sure that you have all your documents related to the treatment. Go through the instructions carefully and follow all the procedures to justify your claim later.

When it comes to the accident, you can take the picture of the scene, damages, injuries, and any other thing that you find relevant. Moreover, get the contact information of other party involved in the accident. If there is an eyewitness, take the contact information.

Why Should You Contact the Best Accident & Injury Lawyers?

You have the medical reports, images of the accidents, and proof of the eyewitnesses. You are in the position to claim for compensation. Now you can visit an experienced Houston injury lawyer for accident claims advice. You cannot decide the next step without the guidance.  An attorney can help to facilitate the process. You can discuss the possibility of filing a personal injury claim.

You can also do it on your own. But it will demand time and expertise. You do not know how to start and where to start. There are procedures you are completely unaware of. Without proper preparation, you might not be able to file a claim. The best accident & injury lawyers will take care from the beginning to the end. Therefore, it is suggested to take accident claims advice from an attorney to bring this decision in your favor. An attorney can help you to know you have the right to file a personal injury claim or not.

When Should You Contact an Attorney?

It is recommended to contact an Sugar Land DWI lawyer soon after visiting the doctor. You should not contact any third party before discussing the details with an attorney. You should not give a statement to an insurance company. You do not know the legalities. If anything goes wrong, it will affect the end result. First, discuss the details with an attorney, and then you can talk to the insurance company. You should remember that an insurance company is not going to act in your favor or to serve your best interest. They only want a low settlement offer. If you hire an experienced attorney, he will take care of the legalities. He will deal with the insurance company and any other formality that you need to go through during the process.

There is a statute of limitations for injury claims. There is some time limit to file a claim. In most of the cases, the limit is for two years.  The sooner you will hire an attorney, the sooner he will start the process.

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