Making A Move To The Hamptons

luxury home for sale

Live Like A Celebrity And Move To The Hamptons

Given that it is such a brief travel from New York or even New Jersey, the unbelievable amount of natural beauty that exists here in East Hampton is extremely astonishing. If you haven’t been here, there are these long stretches of blue Coast lines that are flowing with golden sands. In addition, the natural landscapes that exist, there are also plenty of city parks that unite to form one of the most relaxing and breathtaking destinations along the upper East Coast. If you live near here and you have money, then you know about the Hamptons! There are mega movie stars and musicians that own beautiful property here, which as a result has attracted fantastic restaurants and dining establishments for those that like the finer things in life. There are posh boutiques popping up all over town, and despite its prevalence, however, East Hampton has worked tirelessly to keep its village-like charm, something you will quickly if you visit on vacation or decide to move to the Hamptons. There are few moving companies we trust in New York and New Jersey to move families into the Hamptons, but the team at Bluebell Moving And Storage has proven time and time again that they are the East Coasts premier moving agency for the upper class on the East Coast

As A New Resident Prepare To Shop And Surf The Hamptons

Due to its astonishing landscape, perfect location, and natural abundance of awesomeness, East Hampton has a lot of activities for you to get into once you move to the Hamptons. Main Beach is the biggest attraction for a lot of East Hampton locals and visitors. Believe it or not, it is among some of the best-ranked shorelines in the country, but it is more than just a place to relax on the beach and soak in some sun rays. Main Beach hosts many of the college’s water sports competitions, there is surfing, biking, paddle boarding, body surfing, and boogie boarding. Those of you that prefer spending money on fashion, you will love what Main Street has to offer, with its fashionable posh boutiques, they cater to the upper class that has money to spend on the nicer things in life. If that is not you, don’t bother moving here because poor people don’t fit in.

Embrace The Lavish Culture Of The Hamptons

If you can tear yourself away from the shore, the city of East Hampton has lots of family-friendly attractions to check out during the day and in the evenings. One of the true gems of Long Island is LongHouse Reserve. The beautifully maintained garden stretches 16 acres across the Hamptons and is filled with amazing eye-catching stone sculptures. The Pollock-Krasner House (once home to the artists Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner) is just another location that civilization aficionados will not want to miss out on checking out, true history at it’s finest. Folks of all ages will love the fascinating tour, and children will love making their very own Pollock-style drip paintings. Living in the Hamptons offers so many great things to enjoy, and those are just a few. Becoming culturally aware of art and the area will be necessary if you are going to fit in here.

If You Are Lucky Enough To Buy Shorefront Property

If you are lucky enough to buy shorefront property you better soak it up! Most families that buy into this luxury area don’t give up their property that easy. move to the hamptons - family home in east hamptonHouses and land are passed down through the generations over the years and children and grandchildren are often left with vacation homes they rather not sell. The experience living on the shore is unforgettable. Even though the months of June through August are the nicest, September is also a fantastic time to enjoy some good sun and good times. If you are not a sun worshiper, late spring is also an amazing time of year. Temperatures are somewhat milder, but East Hampton nonetheless retains its magical, village-like vibe. For those that want to move to the Hamptson this vibe is priceless, for visitors making a vacation of the Hamptons, they often times do not want to leave!

If You Make The Move To The Hamptons Enjoy The Parks

When you move here you may find that there is an overwhelming amount of things to do at first. Moving in, unpacking, finding your way around and all that fun stuff. But after you get settled, you need to check out the Hampton Parks. East Hampton is home to no less than 8 country parks and two county parks, with Cedar Point County Park being the most popular destination among local residents and out of town visitors. It encompasses over 600 acres of coastal beauty and is famous for its magnificent views of Gardiner’s Bay. There is an abundance of things to do such as fishing, hiking, biking, and playing in the park. Additionally, It plays host to a rich ecosystem of wildlife together with everything from deer to ducks. There are also designated dog areas for the dog lovers of the Hamptons. The rich love their poodles and purse dogs, there is no shortage of those dogs here in our parks. Locals take pride in their parks and we ask that if you move to the Hamptons that you bring your dog out to enjoy the natural beauty with you that you clean up after your animal if they poop in the park grass.

READ: New Jersey Proposes New Limits……

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Why You Need Orthodontic Insurance Coverage

Why You Need Orthodontic Insurance Coverage

Insurance insures help patients when they want financial aid to obtain the needed service and have a difficulty. Such policies are used by them as a threat coverage tool, and one main policy folks take, is orthodontic insurance if they have been aware about their oral health. Correcting abnormalities and dental issues like misaligned or damaged teeth can improve grin and an individual’s facial features. Sadly, the prices can bite difficult in the lack of quality insurance. Dental treatment from Sky Orthodontist Oklahoma City changes among individuals so, the adolescents; therefore, many parents are under pressure in the adolescents who need to wear good looking braces.

Things become a lot simpler as the cover protects all processes and gear when you’ve got insurance insuring an orthodontist’s treatment. Check whether the policy contains coverage of treatment if you’ve got an existing dental insurance. Should it not have, then contemplate purchasing a supplementary form especially for this to cover your treatment prices. It’ll save you big time if you’ve got family members that want braces or treatment.

Just like your dental or insurance coverage that is routine, you’ll need to pay a monthly or annual premium. More than a few companies pay as much as fifty percent of the overall care expenses. So, if treatment is required by some of your nearest and dearest at once, your financial weight can ease significantly.

A bulk of the expenses come from the price of gear used in the restoration procedure like other additional dental products, braces, and retainers. The price of dental x rays, allowances that are needed, and monthly visits influence the amount being spent on treatment making it higher as opposed to dental care services that are routine. Averagely, the supplier to cater up to a specific quantity of dental care per year after which the maximum annual sum for all the dental prices become your company was just wanted by the typical dental cover.

In several cases, such processes are seen by individuals as being just decorative thus resulting in just several insurance companies providing cover for such a treatment services.

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Is It Necessary To See A Dentist Frequently?

Is It Necessary To See A Dentist Frequently?

The prevention of periodontal disease, cavities, and bad breath is reached with oral direction techniques which are powerful and affordable, easy to perform on a daily basis. A professional should be consulted or more often depending on significant care attempts and dental demands. Dentist OKC offers complete oral health care services to patients to help in the care of a cavity grin that is free. Personal wellness techniques and advanced oral technology are supplied according to individual conditions.

The oral evaluation can discover changes and tooth issues in tissues indicative of major ailments including cancers and diabetes. Some of the most significant measures that people can take to maintain the healthy state of teeth would be to see with the dental offices frequently. A routine checkup contains the detection of tartar, plaque and cavities in charge of gum disease and tooth decay. The formation of a failure and bacteria can improve discoloration, oral deterioration and decay. A failure to correct oral issues including little cavities may lead to important destruction of tissue and enamel including tooth loss and acute pain.

A dentist will counsel patients on easy and affordable suggestions for health care care that is individual to grow strong teeth and gums. This can be a simple and affordable method shield the state of oral tissues and to prevent cavities. Specialized tools are integrated at the practice to supply a professional clean and accomplish places that cannot be reached with flossing and brushing. It shields against spots and decay that undermine the healthy state of pearly whites. A dental practice provides complete oral care helping in treating gum and tooth ailments. Meeting an oral professional often and following day-to-day hygiene measures can best protect and improve the state of your grin.

It is important to get it assessed time to time and to take good care of your dental health and stay healthy. Google “oral health”  if you want to learn more about the oral health.

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Things To Look For In An Attorney Before Hiring Them

Things To Look For In An Attorney Before Hiring Them

Permit me to start by saying that do it yourself has its limitations. Certainly, contracts can be drafted by you by yourself, it is possible to survive discussions that are grotesque with your company customers, a married dispute can be settled by you but you should get an attorney when the demand to come to court appears. Expenses will be incurred, professional fees must be paid and the normally drawn-out procedure must be born. The prices of solving a difficulty are much greater in relation to the prices of preventing the issue. However, hiring a Sugar Land criminal defense attorney can eliminate the complexity, who knows what needs to be done.

When locating a lawyer so, search for a “competent” attorney. Before you start to share your innermost secrets together it’s absolutely ethical to require a lawyer permit. Generally though, their certifications would hang. He may be a professional in any among the following types of law: taxation law, labor law, civil law, international law, litigation, or criminal law. These are the important types. Therefore, you may learn of an immigration lawyer or a litigation attorney. Note however, that attorneys’ specialties are “obtained” through expertise, not only because they believe they have been excellent at it.

This can be one facet of being a lawyer where a youthful, inexperienced attorney can in fact get ahead of a seasoned one. Young attorneys usually are sympathetic, encouraging and lively. They have a tendency to treat their customers like their infants. They take care of every small detail, even the ones that are unimportant. But this just is paying customers desire to be treated. Customers often believe that they’re getting their money’s worth with the type of focus they can be becoming.

The personal qualities to try to find in a New Hampshire personal injury attorney depend significantly on the type of customer you might be. Should you be the no nonsense sort, you may choose to hire an old attorney who is about to retire. These kinds of attorney are interested in what you will need to say. Occasionally, they’re not thinking about what they must say. But their expertise is impeccable. The credibility of an attorney may be viewed in several circumstances. It can be built on charm coupled with referrals from previous satisfied customers. To be sure, no attorney can get customers if he’s not trustworthy and believable.

So at this point you have a credible, skilled and competent injury attorney having the individual qualities you try to find. Another matter to contemplate is whether that attorney can be acquired to attend to your own issue. Your attorney will say he is capable, willing and happy to help you. He said the identical thing to last week, and several others this morning, and the week. The point is, an attorney can only just do so much. He can not all be attending hearings all. He’d likely resort to rescheduling or cancelling hearings and assemblies that are significant to make ends meet. If your preferred attorney has a law firm, there will surely be other attorneys who can attend in case he is unavailable to you personally. You’ll find this satisfactory but not until your case continues to be reassigned to another from one hand.

The representation starts when you meet with your customer. This, nevertheless, isn’t what defines professionalism. So don’t be misled by the attorney-appear alone. It’d be amazing if your attorney can pull it away with the professionalism that is authentic and the attorney appearance though.

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GDUFA Round 3: Opening Discussions

GDUFA Round 3: Opening Discussions

By Sara W. Koblitz

Initially enacted in 2012 and reauthorized for the first time in 2017, the Generic Drug User Fee Act (“GDUFA”) was adopted to accelerate access to safe and improve the predictability of the generic drug review process.  FDA touts the GDUFA as a “remarkable success” that “demonstrates how FDA, industry and other stakeholders can work together to achieve tremendous results.”  Indeed, GDUFA was a product of extensive negotiation between the agency, the generic drug industry, and other stakeholders under which FDA agreed to adopt aspirational review timelines in exchange for fees paid to the agency by sponsors.  Initially, sponsors paid fees for review of Abbreviated New Drug Applications (“ANDA”), Drug Master Files, and Prior Approval Supplements, as well as annual fees for facilities generic drug facilities.  GDUFA II scrapped the supplement user fee in favor of an annual program fee based on the number of ANDAs a sponsor holds.

This summer, FDA begins negotiations with industry for GDUFA III.  GUDFA II expires at the end of fiscal year 2022 (September 2022), and FDA is soliciting public input on the path of the program going forward.  To that end, FDA will hold a (virtual) Public Meeting on the Reauthorization of GDUFA on July 21, 2020.  The meeting agenda has not yet been announced but will include presentations by FDA staff and stakeholder groups.  Public presentations are invited, and FDA will allot some time for public discussion.  To attend or speak at the meeting, register or email GenericDrugPolicy@fda.hhs.gov on or before July 7, 2020.  FDA will also accept public comments through August 20, 2020 to Docket Number FDA-2020-N-1459.

These types of meetings are a great opportunity for industry to air its grievances with GDUFA II.  Now that generic drug sponsors have had three years of experience with GDUFA II, there are undoubtedly some hiccups in the system that should be addressed.  Refunds often take years to process: maybe it is time to ask for some time commitments for review of refund requests?  Or maybe the consequences of failure to pay those fees are not adequate given that the last time a GDUFA-related Warning Letter was issued was 2015?   Whatever your gripe or praise of the system is, this meeting is a prime time for generic sponsors to give the Agency feedback on the amount of fees, the types of fees, and the consequences for failure to pay fees.  And, like everything this year, the meeting is virtual, so public presentations can be made without leaving the house.

More information about the Meeting will be posted on the Meeting Page as it becomes available.

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FDA is Seeking Information on Outsourcing Facility Industry “Challenges”

FDA is Seeking Information on Outsourcing Facility Industry “Challenges”

By Karla L. Palmer

Notwithstanding FDA’s earlier efforts touting the benefits of outsourcing facility registration, here,  there are less than 75 registered facilities.  Almost the same number of outsourcing facilities have opened – and shut – their doors since the passage of the 2013 Drug Quality and Security Act (Title I) (DQSA), which created the outsourcing facility registration category and set forth statutory parameters for their operation.  In addition to those statutory parameters within the DQSA, FDA has published multiple guidance documents dictating additional confines in which outsourcing facilities should function.  Why are not more drug manufacturers or pharmacy compounders jumping at the chance to enter into this novel, unique drug space?  FDA recently published in the Federal Register a notice seeking comments on certain information collection activities in order to better understand issues facing  outsourcing facilities.  See “Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Obtaining Information To Understand Challenges and Opportunities Encountered by Compounding Outsourcing Facilities (85 Fed. Reg. 36857 (June 18, 2020) (Docket No. FDA–2019–N–3077).  FDA recognizes that, “Five years since its creation, this domestic industry is still relatively small and is experiencing growth and market challenges.”  The Agency further notes that there continues to be drug quality issues concerning the products manufactured at outsourcing facilities.  FDA is soliciting comments on proposed information collection associated with FDA “research” to obtain information from pharmacists and other management at outsourcing facilities, and related compounding businesses, to “support a comprehensive analysis of the outsourcing facility sector that will inform ongoing FDA work in this area.”  More specifically:

FDA intends to engage in several initiatives to address challenges and support compliance and  advancement.  One initiative includes conducting in depth research to understand better the challenges and opportunities encountered by the outsourcing facility sector in a number of different areas. These include: Operational barriers and opportunities related to the outsourcing facility market and business viability; knowledge and operational barriers and opportunities related to compliance with Federal policies and good quality drug production; and barriers and opportunities related to outsourcing facility interactions with FDA.

85 Fed. Reg. 36858.  FDA intends to pose the following types of questions during its research activity, and believes 300 respondents will participate, with total burden of 600 hours.  The types of issues that FDA intends to consider in its research include the following:

  1. What financial and operational considerations inform outsourcing facility operational and business model decisions?
  2. What factors impact the development of a sustainable outsourcing facility business?
  3. What financial and operational considerations inform outsourcing facility product decisions?
  4. Do outsourcing facilities understand the Federal legislative and regulatory policies that apply to them? What, if any, knowledge gaps need to be addressed?
  5. What challenges do outsourcing facilities face when implementing Federal current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) requirements?
  6. How do outsourcing facilities implement quality practices at their facilities?
  7. How is CGMP and quality expertise developed by outsourcing facilities? How do they obtain this knowledge, and what training do they need?
  8. What are the economic consequences of CGMP noncompliance/product failures for outsourcing facilities?
  9. What are outsourcing facility management and staff views on current interactions with FDA? How do they want the interactions to change?
  10. What are outsourcing facilities’ understanding of how to engage with FDA during and following an inspection?

The comment period will be open for 60 days (until August 17, 2020).  This blogger believes other considerations that FDA’s researchers may want to ponder include exactly what outsourcing facilities are permitted to compound, and whether limitations of exactly what an outsourcing facility can used in compounding affects market entry decision making.  In addition, researchers may want to consider the effect on market entry of the “Bulks List 1 (i.e., permissible substances) significant “limitation” on what outsourcing facilities may compound.  Simply put, Bulks List I is woefully “short” – and getting shorter —  when compared to the substances that can be used in compounding by Section 503A pharmacies (even given statutory limitations on compounding “essentially copies” of commercially available drug products).  FDA’s removal of substances from Bulks List 1, after significant investment by outsourcing facilities (i.e., stability and other studies) to ensure the safe, appropriate use of such substances, likely stifles not only innovation in the space, but also the facility’s ability to engage in the expenditure of resources to compound the drug product in the first instance.  This likely affects the ability of outsourcing facilities to engage in profitable compounding opportunities, especially when one considers the effect of FDA’s drug approval status for certain bulk substances on the potential removal of those FDA approved “substances” from FDA’s Bulks List 1 (i.e., vasopressin and others).  Among other significant “market” issues, researchers also may want to consider the effect of the vague “Prohibition on Wholesaling” statutory provision on the ability of outsourcing facilities to sell for resale their safer, cGMP-quality formulations to compounding pharmacies and doctors’ offices.  In addition, FDA should also consider the effect of myriad state licensing requirements on outsourcing facilities’ market entry.  States and FDA have not coordinated registration, licensing or other regulatory requirements.  As two significant examples, some states require pharmacy licensure notwithstanding the DQSA’s provision stating that pharmacy licensure is not required (but operations must be supervised by a licensed pharmacist).  Other states do not permit co-location of an outsourcing facility and a traditional FDA-registered drug manufacturer, notwithstanding FDA’s Facility Guidance that permits such co-location.  If outsourcing facilities want a stake in the discussion, please submit comments to docket number FDA-2019-N-3077, linked here.

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DGAC Draft Report: Like Mom Said, “Eat Your Vegetables!”

DGAC Draft Report: Like Mom Said, “Eat Your Vegetables!”

By Karin F.R. Moore

The U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Health and Human Services (HHS) work together to update and release the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (Dietary Guidelines) every five years. (See our post about the 2015 Dietary Guidelines here.)  Each edition of the Dietary Guidelines is intended to reflect the current state of nutrition science and provide advice on what to eat and drink to promote public health and reduce risk of chronic disease. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans  are currently in effect until the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines are released.

The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) is tasked with providing USDA and HHS with a scientific review of specific topics and supporting scientific questions on nutrition and health. While the final report of the scientific review was expected on June 17, 2020, instead the DGAC hosted a webinar outlining its findings and providing an understanding of what might be in the final report to be presented to USDA and HHS in July.  To put it simply (and this won’t surprise anyone who spent time looking at the food pyramid on the back of your cereal box) the  current advice remains eat more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, legumes, seafood, and lean meat; and eat less added sugars, refined grains, sodium, and red and processed meats. And drink less alcohol.

Concerns have been raised that the DGAC is influenced by industry and the current administration.  Those with concerns point in part to the issues that the scientific report will not address, including red meat, sodium levels,  and the impact of food production on the environment.  There are, however, two recommendations discussed in the June 17, 2020 webinar that are surprising given those concerns.  The first is the recommended amount of energy from added sugars. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines recommended no more than 10% of energy intake be from added sugars (recall that this forms the basis of FDA’s reference daily intake value for added sugars). This year’s recommendation seems to be 6% of energy, which is even less than the level recommended by the WHO.

On the issue of alcohol, for those who already drink alcohol, the DGAC recommends no more than one drink per day – “at all levels of consumption, drinking less is generally better for health than drinking more.”  This is a change from prior years, when the recommendation for men who drink alcohol was two drinks or less per day.

The final scientific report by DGAC due in July 2020 is a resource that helps to inform the final Dietary Guidelines — it is not a draft of the Dietary Guidelines.  The next step in the Dietary Guidelines process is the forwarding of the final and full scientific report to HHS and USDA in July, followed by a period of public comment.   HPM will keep you abreast of the process as it moves forward.

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FTC Announces a Proposed Rule for Made in the USA; Does It Go Beyond Its Authority?

FTC Announces a Proposed Rule for Made in the USA; Does It Go Beyond Its Authority?

By Riëtte van Laack

As we previously reported, the Made in the USA claim, as a voluntary claim on consumer goods, including products under FDA jurisdiction such as foods, over-the-counter drugs, and cosmetics, continues to be a popular advertising claim.  Generally, FTC enforcement actions regarding unqualified Made in the USA claims have been limited to closing letters and orders enjoining companies from making false and misleading Made in the USA claims.  In these actions, the FTC relied on the standard for such claims laid out in FTC’s 1997 Enforcement Policy Statement on US Origin Claims.

Last year, the FTC received a Petition requesting that it  issue a rule for Made in the USA claims.  As the Petition pointed out, the FTC Act provides the FTC with the authority to issue a rule for “Made in the U.S.A.” product labels at 15 U.S.C. § 45a.  Importantly, violations of such a rule would be treated as a violation of a rule under 15 U.S.C. 57a, allowing the FTC to seek not only an injunction but also civil penalties.

In fall of 2019, the FTC held a public workshop and collected public comments covering three aspects of Made in the USA claims: (1) consumer perception of such claims; (2) concerns about the FTC’s current enforcement approach; and (3) potential changes to the FTC’s enforcement strategy.  A report of that workshop was published on June 19, 2020 and is available here.

Also on June 19, 2020, FTC announced a notice of proposed rulemaking for the unqualified Made in the USA claim.  Consistent with the 1997 Policy Statement and the various consent orders, the proposed rule will prohibit marketers from including unqualified Made in USA claims on product labels unless:

  • final assembly or processing of the product occurs in the United States;
  • all significant processing that goes into the product occurs in the United States; and
  • all or virtually all ingredients or components of the product are made and sourced in the United States.

The proposed regulation would not preempt state law that sets higher standards.

The proposed rule does not apply to all advertising claims, as the FTC’s authority regarding Made in the USA claims is limited to claims on product labels.  Interestingly, the rule extends beyond claims made on product labels to Made in the USA claims appearing in “mail order catalogs or mail order advertising.”  That term is defined as “materials, used in the direct sale or direct offering for sale of any product or service, that are disseminated in print or by electronic means, and that solicit the purchase of such product or service by mail, telephone, electronic mail, or some other method without examining the actual product purchased” that “include[] a seal, mark, tag, or stamp labeling a product Made in the United States.”

Commissioner Phillips and  Commissioner Wilson issued statements, here and here, asserting that the scope of FTC’s authority under 15 U.S.C, § 45a does not extend to online and mail order claims as that provision refers to product labels, not to other labeling or advertising.

Comments may be submitted until 60 days after publication of the proposed rule in the Federal Register.

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Is it Lawful to Advertise a Device with an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) Pending (Prior to Issuance of the EUA)?

Is it Lawful to Advertise a Device with an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) Pending (Prior to Issuance of the EUA)?

By Jeffrey K. Shapiro

In recent months, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a record number of Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs) under Section 564 of the Federal, Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA).  With a large number also pending, this review pathway is becoming almost common for a wide range of products, predominantly devices, although drugs and biologics are also eligible.

In this light, some questions of law and policy already settled regarding 510(k) submissions or premarket approval (PMA) applications may need to be re‑analyzed to determine if the answer is the same in the EUA context.  With the COVID emergency likely to continue for some time, these questions will not soon disappear.

Today, we tackle the question of whether a company may lawfully advertise a device with an EUA pending (prior to issuance of the EUA)?  For more than 40 years, FDA’s policy has been that a device with a 510(k) pending may be advertised (promoted) prior to clearance.  In Compliance Policy Guide (CPG) 300.600,

FDA considered the question of judging when a device has entered commercial distribution (not interstate commerce).  This question was central to qualifying for “preamendment” status by being “on the market” as of May 28, 1976.  (The policy was issued in 1978.  Obviously, this question is no longer very important.)

The answer FDA gave was that a device would be considered in “commercial distribution” if it had been (i) displayed, advertised or offered for sale for a non‑research/investigational use and (ii) the manufacturer had accepted or was prepared to accept an order “that resulted, or would have resulted, in a contract of sale for the device in the United States, generally with delivery to occur immediately or at a promised future date.”  So a willingness to contract or entering into actual contractual agreements was deemed an essential element of commercial distribution.

In the same policy, FDA stated that, as a derivation from this analysis, devices with a 510(k) pending are not considered to enter commercial distribution if they are advertised (meeting required condition (i)) so long as no orders for sale are solicited or accepted (defeating required condition (ii)).  The policy statement itself does not address orders contingent on obtaining a 510(k) clearance, but FDA historically has taken the position that such orders satisfy required condition (ii) and constitute an element of commercial distribution.

At first blush, it would seem relatively straightforward to apply this policy to EUAs.  An EUA authorizes the introduction of a device into interstate commerce.  It is essentially a substitute legal permission in the absence of 510(k) clearance or PMA approval.  Therefore, if promoting a device (without taking orders) is permissible in the 510(k) pending context, it is logical to apply the same rule in an EUA pending context.

But there is a complication to consider:  FDA’s policy only explicitly applies to devices with a 510(k) pending.  FDA has never said that it applies to devices with a PMA pending.  The EUA pathway, however, applies to all device types.  A device with an EUA pending could be 510(k)‑able, but it might also be one that is ordinarily required to obtain PMA approval.  The pathway depends upon the device technology and indications for use.  If the device is novel, the ultimate classification may not yet be decided.

It can be replied that FDA has never said the 510(k) pending policy is not applicable to PMA‑pending devices.  In fact, there is not an obvious basis for excluding PMA‑pending devices from policy in CPG 300.600.  This policy is based upon a determination that advertising a device is a necessary but not sufficient activity to put it into commercial distribution.  That determination would logically apply to PMA‑pending devices as well.  Also, the policy in CPG 300.600 was formulated in the context of a question that only implicated 510(k)‑eligible devices.  Therefore, FDA did not have occasion in CPG 300.600 to address devices that require PMA approval.

Nor has FDA had much occasion since that time to address whether CPG 300.600 extends to PMA‑pending devices.  The reason is that a provision in the Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) regulation prohibits all promotion of an investigational device (21 C.F.R. § 812.7).  Most devices requiring PMA approval require a supporting IDE study, thereby triggering this prohibition.  In short, even if CPG 300.600 were to be extended to PMA­‑pending devices, it is largely a moot point, because the IDE regulation flatly forbids promotion of a device while it is investigational.

So what does all this mean in the EUA context?  It appears that the general rule of thumb should be that a device with an EUA pending, just like a device with a 510(k) pending, may be promoted prior to issuance, provided that purchase orders are not solicited or accepted.

A more difficult question is whether § 812.7 prohibits promotion of an EUA‑pending device if the same device was or is under IDE study.  Take the strongest case, in which the indications for use in the IDE study (and eventual PMA application) are the same as the EUA indications.  (That will not be entirely true in many cases, because an EUA must focus on fighting the pandemic.)  There is no doubt that § 812.7 prohibits promotion of the investigational device.  Does it apply to the same device with an EUA pending?

In my view, the prohibition against promotion of the investigational device does not apply.  The question really comes down to whether the IDE regulation applies simultaneously to the investigational and EUA versions of a device.  One reason that the IDE regulation should be applied to the former but not the latter is that the two devices are not the same.  They may have the same technology and the same or similar indications, but the EUA device will be labeled differently.  Among other things, it will be labeled as an “EUA device” and not an “investigational device.”  That distinction is meaningful, because the IDE regulation only applies to investigational devices.  Things will get tangled up very quickly if the EUA device is subjected to the IDE regulation alongside the investigational device.

For instance, the IDE regulation requires that an investigational device be labeled “Caution:  Investigational Device.  Limited by U.S. Law to Investigational Use” (21 C.F.R. § 812.5).  If the IDE regulation were applied to an EUA device, then the EUA device would have to bear this caution as well.  That result would be nonsensical.

As another example, the IDE regulation requirements apply until the device receives clearance or approval.  What happens when the EUA is obtained and the EUA device begins to be advertised and shipped?  Does that end the investigational status of the device being studied?  Arguably, it would, if the EUA and investigational versions of the device are being treated as one and the same under the IDE regulation.  Therefore, it makes sense to acknowledge that the they are not the same and that the IDE regulation does not apply to the EUA version of the device.

Finally, as a policy matter, there is no need to fear that the investigational devices will be deployed “off­ label” for an advertised EUA use.  The use of the investigational devices is strictly controlled under the IDE regulation and must follow a written protocol.  Therefore, if an EUA device is advertised while the EUA is pending (or after issuance of the EUA), that cannot induce off-label use of the investigational device so long as the sponsors complies with the IDE regulation.

In short, under the analysis above, any device with an EUA pending may be advertised prior to issuance of the EUA.  Of course, FDA has not weighed in on this issue, so there is some regulatory uncertainty.  A company considering whether to advertise an EUA pending device should proceed with caution after careful consideration of all the circumstances.

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Medicaid Drug Rebate Program Update: CMS Publishes Proposed Rule Addressing Value Based Purchasing Arrangements and Other Topics; D.C. District Court Opposes Base

Medicaid Drug Rebate Program Update: CMS Publishes Proposed Rule Addressing Value Based Purchasing Arrangements and Other Topics; D.C. District Court Opposes Base

By Alan M. Kirschenbaum & Michelle L. Butler & Faraz Siddiqui

CMS Proposed MDRP regulation:  In the Federal Register of Friday, June 19, CMS published a proposed rule to implement statutory amendments to the Medicaid Rebate Program statute, and to add CMS’s own policy proposals to encourage value based purchasing arrangements and discourage patient copay assistance.  The variety of topics covered in this rule include:

  • Best price changes and other and other measures to encourage value based arrangements in Medicaid (and elsewhere)
  • Additional regulations to implement the alternative rebate for line extensions, including an exceptionally broad definition of “new formulation” and a definition of “oral dosage form”
  • Introduction of a new, problematic hurdle for claiming the best price exceptions for manufacturer coupon and other patient savings programs
  • Clarification of the average manufacturer price (AMP) and best price treatment of rebates to Medicaid Managed Care plans that are not paid pursuant to a CMS-approved supplemental rebate program.
  • Implementation of statutory amendments to exclude sales of authorized generics from the brand AMP, redefine single source and innovator source drugs to remove references to “original NDAs”; and redefine multiple source drugs to include OTC drugs that are covered outpatient drugs.

HPM has prepared a memo summarizing this wide-ranging rule (click here).

Federal District Court Decision on Base AMP Reset:  On the same day that CMS published its proposed rule, the Federal District Court for the District of Columbia issued a decision upholding CMS’s rejection of a base AMP reset by a drug manufacturer.  In Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Azar, Ipsen had obtained approval in 2007 for Somatuline Depot for the treatment of acromegaly.  In 2014, FDA approved two supplemental NDAs (sNDAs), one for changes in manufacturing and the container closure system, and the other for a new indication for treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.  Ipsen notified CMS that it intended to establish a new baseline AMP for the revised product, because the revisions were substantial and required two sNDA approvals.  CMS responded that the new version must assume the same base AMP as the original version, because the dosage form and strengths of the drug remained the same and they were marketed under the same NDA.  Ipsen ultimately filed suit against HHS, claiming that CMS’ decision was arbitrary and capricious and exceeded CMS’ statutory authority.  The Court upheld CMS’s position.  At least for drugs that are not subject to an alternative rebate for line extensions (because the original drug was not an oral dosage form drug), CMS’s bright line rule prevails:  a manufacturer may establish a new baseline AMP for a drug only if the manufacturer obtains approval (i.e., an NDA or BLA) for a new dosage form or strength of the drug.

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Why Aren’t FDA Drug Facility Inspections Resuming?

Why Aren’t FDA Drug Facility Inspections Resuming?

By Mark I. Schwartz

It has been over three months since FDA issued its press releases stating that it was postponing most foreign and domestic facility surveillance inspections (see here and here).  Since then, apparently only “mission critical” surveillance inspections have taken place, leaving the bulk of registered facilities on FDA’s inspection list to await the agency’s eventual return.  While this might be good news for some drug facilities, it is creating an enormous headache for many more, including those that are currently listed as Official Action Indicated (OAI), since it is difficult to get a New Drug Application (NDA), Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) or Biologics License Application (BLA) approved when one of the manufacturing facilities in a drug application is listed as OAI on FDA’s inspection database.

And it is nearly impossible for the review process to reach a successful conclusion if FDA finds that a manufacturing facility is exhibiting major deviations from current Good Manufacturing Practice, which is associated with an “unacceptable” state of compliance.  Worse yet, even if the OAI classification is associated with a manufacturer of an Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient, rather than that of a Finished Dosage Form, FDA may, and frequently does, block review of the NDA, ANDA and BLA for the finished drug product made with that API (or drug substance).

Without any public statements on this issue from FDA, it is difficult to understand why this bottleneck is occurring.  After all, FDA has had the statutory authority to conduct so called “paper inspections” since the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) was signed into law on July 9, 2012.  Section 706 of FDASIA (codified at 704(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA)) specifies FDA’s authority to demand production of drug records remotely by the addition of the following text to the FDCA:

(4)(A) Any records or other information that the Secretary may inspect under this section from a person that owns or operates an establishment that is engaged in the manufacture, preparation, propagation, compounding, or processing of a drug shall, upon the request of the Secretary, be provided to the Secretary by such person, in advance of or in lieu of an inspection, within a reasonable timeframe, within reasonable limits, and in a reasonable manner, and in either electronic or physical form, at the expense of such person. The Secretary’s request shall include a sufficient description of the records requested. [emphasis added]

In addition, FDA has section 505(j) FDCA, which states that a drug shall be deemed to be adulterated:

If it is a drug or device and it has been manufactured, processed, packed, or held in any factory, warehouse, or establishment and the owner, operator, or agent of such factory, warehouse, or establishment delays, denies, or limits an inspection, or refuses to permit entry or inspection. [emphasis added]

In guidance that FDA published in October 2014, entitled Circumstances that Constitute Delaying, Denying, Limiting, or Refusing a Drug Inspection, FDA has interpreted section 501(j) FDCA as including some circumstances where inspection records are not provided by an establishment pursuant to 704(a)(4) FDCA.

“…[T]he ability to access and copy records is a critical aspect of FDA inspections. Not allowing an authorized representative of the FDA access to or copying of records that FDA is entitled to inspect by law, including not providing records that FDA requests pursuant to section 704(a)(4) of the FD&C Act, may be considered limiting an inspection.  Examples of records limitations include, but are not limited to…:

  • A facility provides some, but not all of, the records requested by the FDA investigator that FDA has authority to inspect.
  • A facility provides the FDA investigator the requested records that FDA has authority to inspect, but they are unreasonably redacted.
  • A facility refuses to provide records that FDA requests pursuant to section 704(a)(4), or such records are unreasonably redacted.” [emphasis added]

In addition, on August 25, 2017, FDA published SMG 9004.1 “Policy and Procedures for Requesting Records in Advance of or in Lieu of a Drug Inspection” that outlines the relevant timeframes for receipt and review of establishment records, and the types of records that can be requested.

Hence, it is unclear why agency resources, which have not been used for on-site surveillance inspections for over 90 days, have not been quickly redirected, en masse, to “paper inspections” under section 704(a)(4) FDCA.  Nor is this simply an issue of FDA falling behind on inspections.

In the era of Covid-19 and anecdotal evidence of people hoarding medicines, the possibility of growing drug shortages has become a public health issue, and hence there is no excuse for further delaying approval of NDAs, ANDAs and BLAs due to FDA investigators who cannot travel to an OAI facility to perform a follow-up inspection.  To make matters worse, some of these facilities could be manufacturing the next drug or biologic that preliminary evidence shows is helpful in treating Covid-19 symptoms.*

*As a postscript, there are indeed avenues to seek marketing authorization if the drugs are on FDA’s Drug Shortage List, or are used to treat COVID-19.   Hyman, Phelps has extensive experience assisting clients in seeking Emergency Use Authorizations for pharmaceuticals and medical devices, even if the products are not approved (or, in the case of medical devices, cleared).   We also have advised clients who have sought permission to distribute drugs that are experiencing shortages, despite prior adverse findings by FDA.

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ACI’s Food Law – Regulation, Compliance, and Litigation – VIRTUAL Conference

ACI’s Food Law – Regulation, Compliance, and Litigation – VIRTUAL Conference

The American Conference Institute (“ACI”) is sponsoring its annual Food Law Conference on July 15, 2020. Like a lot of conferences this year, the ACI conference format has changed from a live, in-person event to an interactive, virtual conference.

ACI’s Food Law conference is a unique, interactive forum where key legal, regulatory and compliance stakeholders for the food industry will gather to discuss how to best prepare for the future by examining current challenges, benchmarking existing strategies, and analyzing critical areas for innovation.

The “Who’s Who of the Food Law Bar” will give you critical insights as they discuss and analyze:

  • Plant-Based “Meats” and “Milks”: Anticipating the FDA’s/USDA’s Regulatory Platform
  • Status check on CBD and Cannabis for the Food Industry
  • Analysis of the Current Trade and Tariff Environment on the Food Industry
  • Social Media Think Tanks on the Role of Influencers/Virtual Influencers and User-Generated Content for the Food Industry
  • Recalls and Crisis Management Integration War Room

Hyman, Phelps & McNamara, P.C.’s Riëtte van Laack will be speaking at a session titled “Food Law and Regulation 101: A Primer on Applicable Laws, Regulations and Key Agencies Having Authority over Food.”

FDA Law Blog is a conference media partner. As such, we can offer our readers a special 10% discount. The discount code is: D10-825-825EX01. You can access the conference brochure and sign up for the event here.  We look forward to “seeing you at the conference.”

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Much-Needed Clarity on Disgorgement from the Supreme Court

Much-Needed Clarity on Disgorgement from the Supreme Court

By Anne K. Walsh & John R. Fleder

A Supreme Court decision this week shows good potential to upend FDA and FTC’s claim that they can without limits seek disgorgement of “profits” from defendants who engage in unlawful activities.  In Liu v. Securities and Exchange Commission, the question was whether the SEC could obtain disgorgement of all the money received by a defendant which has engaged in unlawful activity, under the SEC’s  general statutory authority to obtain equitable injunctive relief.  The lower courts had held that the SEC could force disgorgement as an equitable remedy, but the Supreme Court vacated and remanded that award.  Considering the already tenuous grounds that FDA and FTC rely on to demand disgorgement, this case sets the stage for future challenges to these agencies’ ability to obtain disgorgement and restitution pursuant to their authorizing statutes.

Justice Sonia Sotomayor wrote the Opinion in which all the Justices joined except Justice Clarence Thomas, who would have gone further to hold that disgorgement was wholly unavailable because “disgorgement is not a traditional equitable remedy.”  The majority Opinion struck a middle ground, however, finding it “inequitable that [a wrongdoer] should make a profit out of his own wrong,” even if the term “disgorgement” has not always been recognized by equity courts.  But even if disgorgement is allowable equitable relief, the Court delineated several limits on disgorgement “to avoid transforming it into a penalty” beyond courts’ equitable powers.  First, disgorgement is permissible only as a way to return the defendant’s wrongful gains to those harmed.   This limitation cast serious doubt on the SEC’s ability to put some or all of the disgorgement award into the U.S. Treasury.  (Similarly, the FTC and FDA commonly ask that courts put disgorgement awards into the U.S. Treasury.)  Second, the amount of disgorgement should be limited to the profits obtained by an individual defendant, making joint and several liability relief unjustified.  And third, disgorgement should generally only apply to “net” profits, taking into account expenses, rather than all revenues from the wrongful acts.  Although the Court declined to decide whether the SEC had pursued disgorgement in violation of these limitations, the guiding principles it laid out strongly lean against the disgorgement amount previously awarded being awarded again on remand.

In evaluating whether disgorgement was available in this case, the Court parsed the language of the Securities Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. § 78u(d)(5):  “In any action or proceeding brought or instituted by the Commission under any provision of the securities laws, . . . any Federal court may grant . . . any equitable relief that may be appropriate or necessary for the benefit of investors.”  (Emphasis added.)  And even with this explicit language giving courts the power to grant “any equitable relief” for securities violations, the Court still vacated the award and remanded for consideration of whether disgorgement here was fashioned pursuant to the limiting principles for equitable relief set forth above.

In contrast, the FDC Act and the FTC Act contain more limiting language about the availability of equitable relief in conjunction with an action brought under these statutes.   Indeed, nowhere in the FDC Act is there any mention of equitable relief, such as disgorgement or even restitution.  Rather, FDA simply relies on the vague statement that courts can “restrain violations” of the FDC Act to support its demand for disgorgement and/or restitution:  “The district courts of the United States and the United States courts of the Territories shall have jurisdiction, for cause shown to restrain violations of section 301 . . . .”   21 U.S.C. § 332(a).   There is no doubt that Congress specifically authorized FDA, through DOJ, to bring injunction actions under the FDC Act, but it does not come close to the language in the securities law authorizing courts to grant “any equitable relief” as part of the injunctive remedy.  See also Jeffrey N. Gibbs and John R. Fleder, Can FDA Seek Restitution or Disgorgement?, 58(2) Food & Drug L.J. 129 (2003).

And Section 13(b) of the FTC Act similarly suffers from the same problem.  It provides that “in proper cases the Commission may seek, and after proper proof, the court may issue, a permanent injunction”  in a federal district court.  15 U.S.C. 53(b).  But like the FDC Act, it is silent on  equitable relief that could include disgorgement or restitution.

We eagerly await the Court’s decision on whether to grant the petition for a writ of certiorari in FTC v. Credit Bureau Center, LLC, a case challenging whether the FTC Act authorizes courts “to enter an injunction that orders the return of unlawfully obtained funds.”   See our previous posts here and here for more information about this case.

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D.C. Circuit Whacks CMS’ Wacky WAC Disclosure Rule

D.C. Circuit Whacks CMS’ Wacky WAC Disclosure Rule

By Faraz Siddiqui & Alan M. Kirschenbaum

On Tuesday, June 16, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit affirmed a district court decision to vacate the May 2019 Drug Price Transparency rule published by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).  As we reported when the rule was issued, the rule would have required pharmaceutical manufacturers to disclose the Wholesale Acquisition Cost (WAC) in Direct-To-Consumer (DTC) television advertisements for certain prescription drugs and biological products.  See 84 Fed. Reg. 20,732 (May 10, 2019) (“Disclosure Rule” or “Rule”).

According to CMS, the Rule was designed to invite public scrutiny into manufacturers’ list prices and to give consumers price information that could help them make critical health care decisions.  The Rule was immediately challenged by a group of pharmaceutical manufacturers on Administrative Procedures Act (APA) and First Amendment grounds. On July 8, 2019, the District Court of the District of Columbia published a memorandum opinion vacating the Rule on APA grounds while declining to reach the Constitutional argument. See Merck & Co. v. HHS, 385 F. Supp. 3d 81 (D.D.C. 2019).

On appeal, the Circuit Court reviewed de novo the district court’s interpretation of 42 U.S.C. §§ 1302(a) and 1395hh(a)(1), the two statutes that CMS used as its authority for the Disclosure Rule.  Unlike the district court, which ruled at Chevron Step One that the statute unambiguously foreclosed any regulation of pharmaceutical advertisements or price disclosure requirements, the Circuit court assumed that the statutes conferred “some relevant regulatory authority” in these areas, and proceeded to a Step Two analysis to decide that the Rule fell outside any reasonable reading of the Agency’s general administrative authority.

The text of the statute authorizes CMS to promulgate regulations that are “necessary to the efficient administration of the functions” of CMS,” see 42 U.S.C. § 1302(a), or “necessary to carry out the administration of the insurance program” under the Medicare Act, see 42 U.S.C. § 1395hh(a)(1).  The court explained that, “for a regulation to be ‘necessary’ to the programs’ ‘administration,’ . . .  the Secretary must demonstrate an actual and discernible nexus between the rule and the conduct or management of Medicare and Medicaid programs,” the “focus must also be on those two programs,” and have an effect on them that is “more than tangential.”  Instead, she found that the Disclosure Rule “bears at best a tenuous, confusing, and potentially harmful relationship to the Medicare and Medicaid programs.”

CMS had argued that the rule was necessary for the “efficient administration” of Medicare and Medicaid because price transparency will reduce wasteful and abusive increases in drug and biologics list prices. Judge Millett disagreed with the Agency for four reasons. First, as the government acknowledged, WAC “has no meaningful relationship” to what the federal and state governments pay for the drugs under Medicare Part B, Medicare Part D, and Medicaid,  and WAC is “even further removed” from what beneficiaries pay under these programs (deductibles and copays).  Second, beneficiaries, who are largely unaware of how their payments are computed, will likely be confused and deterred by high prices listed in the advertisements that they will almost never pay and that they are unlikely to understand.  Third, TV advertisements are not targeted to Medicare/Medicaid recipients but are accessible to healthcare consumers not covered by these federal programs. According to Judge Millett, this “increases the distance between the Disclosure Rule and any actual administration” and shows an example of the Rule’s administrative overreach. Fourth, and finally, Judge Millett noted that the regulation was “sweeping” in nature and scope and may have broad implications, not least of which was that it “implicate[d] a substantial constitutional question”—even if, as CMS argued, the cost of compliance was low.

Like the lower court’s decision, this decision did not reach the constitutional question raised by the manufacturers – i.e., whether the WAC disclosure rule compelled speech in violation of the First Amendment.  Certain states, such as New Hampshire, Oregon, and Vermont, have enacted statutes and issued implementing regulations that require manufacturers to report WAC information on certain new drugs and drugs whose WACs have increased, and also require this WAC information to be published on a government web site for public access.  Judge Millett’s conclusion that WAC is information that consumers are “unlikely to understand,” that may “generate harmful confusion,” and that “bears at best a tenuous, confusing, and potentially harmful relationship” to government programs throws some doubt, not only on the wisdom of disseminating WAC information to consumers, but also on whether such WAC consumer disclosure laws and their implementing regulations pass Constitutional muster.

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